Choosing the right type of coffee also has consequences for quality in the cup. The coffee supply chain begins before the farm—with the seed itself. The Center for Coffee Research and Education was established by the Board of Regents of Texas A&M University in September 2016. Every part of the coffee supply chain has a role to play in creating a sustainable future for the coffee industry, and informed consumers are no exception. When the WCR published their WCR Coffee Varieties Catalog, it represented one of the most complete and detailed reference texts documenting the characteristics of different coffee varieties. The video outlines a partnership that began this May among World Coffee Research, the Borlaug Institute and members of the world’s coffee industry to battle the disease. “Coffee leaf rust science is still in the dark ages,” Tim Schilling, the Executive Director of World Coffee Research, told me over the phone. This blog, our stores, and our team all are constantly looking for ways to inform the public about what their options are and the impacts associated with each. The World Coffee Research Verified program is the first sector-wide program to verify the quality of coffee seeds. Photo courtesy of Tim Willems and World Coffee Research. Very high susceptibility to coffee leaf rust, well-adapted to the coldest conditions. Tag: World Coffee Research Varieties Archives - Daily Coffee News by Roast Magazine . Rapid Coffee Variety Identification Creating value from seed to sale. World Coffee Research Expands Coffee Varieties Catalog to Include Africa, New Research The nonprofit World Coffee Research has expanded its groundbreaking Arabica Coffee Varieties catalog, adding varieties from six African countries, an expanded introduction, and new findings in genetic and historical research. Although aimed at farmers to help them make the best choice for A first-of-its kind undertaking to facilitate the global exchange of the world’s highest quality coffee varieties. Arabica coffee first arrived in Mesoamerica in the mid-1700s. WCR is a 501(c)5 non-profit agricultural research organization registered in the state of California. Last month, WCR expanded the catalog—which previously only covered varieties commonly found in and around Central America—to include varieties from six new countries: Kenya, Malawi, Rwanda, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. More recently, genetically diverse Ethiopian varieties and F1 hybrids have been … World Coffee Research has gathered 31 top-performing coffee varieties from 11 suppliers around the world. Thanks to great diversity of coffee varieties and the growth of specialty coffee, research is being done over at World Coffee Research to provide producers with valuable information about what varieties might work best in new environments or places which have historically only grown one or two varieties. 31 varieties from around the world. Center for Coffee Research and Education. ", "The result is a visually coherent and remarkably easy-to-use resource, Active field research sites in 22 countries; 30+ research programs involving 92 partners Through numerous field studies on coffee and coffee hybrids, World Coffee Research works with several countries to develop the next generation of high yielding, climate-smart coffee varieties, while increasing quality and flavor. Typica. In a press release accompanying the announcement, World Coffee Research explained that for the last 30 years, rust resistance has relied on resistant genes coming from Timor Hybrid, a natural cross between Arabica and Robusta coffee—and Timor Hybrid’s resistance is … Active field research sites in 22 countries; 30+ research programs involving 92 partners The work they put in now will ensure the future of coffee. This allows us to compare differences among coffees with a significantly higher degree of precision. Dr. Timothy Schilling is executive director of World Coffee Research, a new organization bringing together scientists and the coffee industry. By giving access to important data to more people than ever before, the hope is that smaller farms will finally be able to make more informed decisions. With such a high-demand and volatile commodity, more research and data sharing is needed. World Coffee Research and Counter Culture have both independently been working on better more up-to-date reference guides on the coffee varieties and research that has been done, and currently being done, in Ethiopia and East Africa. Because F1 varieties are the first generation result of a cross between two genetically distinct varieties, they tend to display what’s known as “hybrid vigor.” The nonprofit World Coffee Research has expanded its groundbreaking Arabica Coffee Varieties catalog, adding varieties from six African countries, an expanded introduction, and new findings in genetic and historical research. The World Coffee Research Organization (WCR) has started this needed movement. Because the life of a coffee tree is 20-30 years, the decision producers make about which variety to plant will have consequences until the next generation. Arabica coffee began spreading around the world in the mid-1700s. Seed farms and nurseries certified to the WCR Verified SM protocols are listed in an online directory tied to the World Coffee Research coffee varieties catalog at varieties.worldcoffeeresearch.org. The updated version introduces the following varieties: Bourbon Mayaguez 139, Bourbon Mayaguez 71, Jackson 2/1257, K7, KP423, SL28, Harrar Rwanda, Mibirizi, Nyasaland, Pop3303/21, SL14, SL34, Catimor 129, Batian, RAB C15, and Ruiru 11. In response, farmers were urged to plant hybrid varieties that were rust-resistant. The database contains information on cup quality, disease susceptibility, plan characteristics, optimal growing elevations, bean size, yield, nutrition needs, and more. The catalog currently features 38 varieties cultivated in Central America and will expand to Africa in 2018 and globally after that. When the WCR published their WCR Coffee Varieties Catalog, it represented one of the most complete and detailed reference texts documenting the characteristics of different coffee varieties. The intention of this catalog is that those working with coffee should be able to make informed decisions about which variety will work best for their situation and needs. World Coffee Research has a major focus on coffee breeding—developing the next generation of high yielding, resilient coffee varieties, while increasing quality in the cup. World Coffee Research has released “Coffee Varieties of Mesoamerica and the Carribean,” a first-of-its-kind catalog of arabica coffee varieties designed for use by coffee farmers. When the WCR published their WCR Coffee Varieties Catalog, it represented one of the most complete and detailed reference texts documenting the characteristics of different coffee varieties. 3. One of the most culturally and genetically important C. arabica coffees in the world, with high quality in Central America. In the second part of this article we will see the differences that exist between the main coffee varieties as well as what the future holds. With coffee trees living an average of 20-30 years, picking the right kind is essential. In the mid-20th century, breeders began introducing varieties that possessed genetics from the C. canephora (Robusta) species, which made them resistant to coffee leaf rust. Adapted for medium altitudes. 09/07/2019, 3:34 pm 11/09/2019. The Need For Research. World Coffee Research Expands Coffee Varieties Catalog to Include Africa, New Research The nonprofit World Coffee Research has expanded its groundbreaking Arabica Coffee Varieties catalog, adding varieties from six African countries, an expanded introduction, and new findings in genetic and historical research. By Jen Hurd. One of World Coffee Research’s key objectives is on improving coffee genetically by breeding new varieties. These new varieties are not genetically modified. Of the 900 wild types in CATIE's repository, WCR identified 100 that represent the greatest genetic diversity. Historically, most coffees in the region descend from just two varieties: Typica and Bourbon. World Coffee Research is also preparing a new generation of F1 hybrid varieties with the goal of releasing specifically selected varieties to farmers in Central America and Africa by 2025. In 2015, World Coffee Research developed 43 hybrids between existing, commercialized coffee varieties and wild types that CATIE, the coffee germplasm bank in Costa Rica, provided. In the second part of this article we will see the differences that exist between the main coffee varieties as well as what the future holds. 305 likes. Arabica Coffee Varieties  presents information for coffee producers and anyone working with coffee plants about how different varieties can be expected to perform under ideal conditions. Bourbon Mayaguez 71 BM71 Moderate yield, good cup potential, and susceptible to major diseases. While WCR’s Coffee Varieties Catalog is a fantastic resource– and hopefully a sign of more to come– and our industry cannot afford to be content with the status quo. WCR uses advanced and applied research in coffee genetics and agronomy to create new varieties, agronomic approaches, and market opportunities for farmers to become more resilient and profitable, especially in the face of significant threats like climate change. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. World Coffee Research’s mission is to grow, protect and enhance supplies of quality coffee while improving the livelihoods of the families who produce it. Important steps forward in this regard have been made thanks to the work conducted by the World Coffee Research with the creation of the first Sensory Lexicon. With greater diversity we can breed more adaptable, more sustainable, more resilient coffee varieties for farmers, and for the whole coffee industry. World Coffee Research breeds coffee for the future. Facebook; ... “The Hub is expected to produce the next generation of coffee varieties that will be adapted to various growing conditions in Africa and sustain the industry’s genetic breeding pools,” Martin says. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! Along with wanting to inform the public, this database plays a crucial role in supporting ongoing research into new kinds of beans. It’s this innovation which will lead the industry into a sustainable future to the benefit of everyone involved. We need the industry to keep innovating and finding ways to create a product that not only tastes incredible, but is also economically and ecologically sound, as well. In the mid-20th century, breeders began Coffee producers who make good planting decisions are at much less risk from disease or pests. We believe that consumers want to make ethical choices and that the only thing holding them back most of the time is simply not having the right information. This breadth of information means that this Catalog can serve as a go-to source for farmers, roasters, as well as conscious and informed consumers. The crop is one that be temperamental and needing more attention than others. Historically, most coffees in the region descend from just two varieties: Typica and Bourbon. Typica Cultivars. recently, genetically diverse Ethiopian varieties and F1 hybrids have As someone who’s always loved Punnett squares, I was very excited to learn more about the type of research being conducted and to get a better understanding of what the future holds. Coffee growing can be tricky business. With this being the case, it is extremely important that databases of information exist to inform the industry and public about the varietals currently out there and encourage future development of new cross breeds. The catalog previously only covered varieties commonly found in … He cautioned me that IHCAFE’s work is a great start, but more information is needed to conclusively say these varieties are … Just over a year ago, Dr. Juan Anciso, a Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service fruit and vegetable specialist, planted 200 plants representing 40 coffee varieties from Central and … More World Coffee Research Expands Coffee Varieties Catalog to Include Africa, New Research > Origin | Nick Brown | February 19, 2018 . This week, World Coffee Research launched a major update to its Arabica Coffee Varieties catalog, expanding it to include varieties from six new countries: Kenya, Malawi, Rwanda, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. been introduced bringing new possibilities for coffee growers. World Coffee Research Expands Coffee Varieties Catalog to Include Africa, New Research > Origin | Nick Brown | February 19, 2018 . It is quantifiable. One of the most culturally and genetically important C. arabica varieties in the world, known for excellent quality in the cup at the highest altitudes. Anacafe 14: Maragogype or pacamara cross with timor hybrid by anacafe. By Jen Hurd. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. That is why the Global Conservation Strategy for Coffee Genetic Resources that World Coffee Research and the Crop Trust worked on in 2017 is key to the future of coffee. World Coffee Research just expanded their varieties catalog, a tool farmers can use to decide which varieties will grow best on their farms. This best case of reduced yield is something that WCR sees as contributing to “chronically low yields around the globe.”. World Coffee Research Expands Coffee Varieties Catalog to Include Africa, New Research Nick Brown | February 19, 2018 The nonprofit World Coffee Research has expanded its groundbreaking Arabica Coffee Varieties catalog, adding varieties from six African countries, an expanded introduction, and new findings in genetic and historical research. It is a cross between Catimor and multiple coffee berry disease resistant varieties, including K7, Rume Sudan, and SL28. – Last week, the World Coffee Research (WCR) launched a major update to its Arabica Coffee Varieties catalog, expanding it to include varieties from six new countries: Kenya, Malawi, Rwanda, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. Photo courtesy of Tim Willems and World Coffee Research. All these characteristics, disease susceptibility and labor intensivity at the forefront, all contribute to coffee being a volatile crop and one that can be hard to profit off of and rely on. 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