Erik Satie, a contemporary of Debussy, would spoof these sonatinas (specifically the sonatina op. ), Italian-born British pianist and composer whose studies and sonatas developed the techniques of the early piano to such an extent that he was called “the father of the piano.” He was born on 23rd January 1752, one of several children of Nicolo and Magdalena Clementi. His name was Muzio Clementi, born in Rome in 1762 and adopted by Peter Beckford, a wealthy Englishman who took Clementi to London and supported him as a child of prodigy. He is a self-made man. This is a list of compositions by Muzio Clementi.. Clementi was a celebrated composer, pianist, pedagogue, conductor, music publisher, editor, and piano manufacturer. Leave feedback. In Vienna, Clementi agreed with Emperor Joseph II to enter a musical duel with Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart for the entertainment of the Emperor and his guests. 3.1 works for piano two hands 3.2 works for piano four hands 3.3 Chamber Music 3.4 Orchestral works He is best known for his piano collection of piano studies, Gradus ad Parnassum. Born in Italy, he spent most of his life in England. But the animosity was not as far as we know reciprocated by Clementi, and in any case Mozart's letters are full of irreverent jibes which he never expected to become public. Muzio Clementi is now a name on every mouth all over the world. Muzio Filippo Vincenzo Francesco Saverio Clementi (23 January 1752 – 10 March 1832) was an Italian-born English composer, pianist, pedagogue, conductor, music publisher, editor, and piano manufacturer. Muzio passed away on March 10 1832, at age 80 in Evesham. Born in Italy. Clementi also began manufacturing pianos, but in 1807 his factory was destroyed by a fire. Muzio Clementi (1752–1832) was a classical composer, and acknowledged as the first to write specifically for the piano. He was also the first virtuoso performer on the instrument. His father, a silversmith soon realised his son’s musical gift and arranged for private lessons with a relative who also happened to be the maestro di capella at St. Peter’s Basilica. In return for this education, he was expected to provide musical entertainment at the estate. Starting in 1782, and for the next twenty years Clementi stayed in England playing the piano, conducting, and teaching. He was the first composer to write music for the pianoforte which made use of the instrument's special features. Main style: Classical By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Two of his students attained a fair amount of fame for themselves: Johann Baptist Cramer and John Field (who, in his turn, would become a major influence on Frédéric Chopin). However, despite being born in Italy he spent the majority of his life in England. Italian/English composer Muzio Clementi (1752-1832). He is best known for his collection of piano studies, Gradus ad Parnassum. John Field. Died: March 10, 1832 in Evesham, United Kingdom. Muzio Clementi’s father, Nicolo, noticed Clementi’s musical talent … In 1766, Sir Peter Beckford (1740-1811), a wealthy Englishman and cousin of the eccentric William Beckford, took an interest in the boy's musical talent, and struck a deal with Nicolò to take Muzio to his estate of Steepleton Iwerne, just north of Blandford Forum in Dorset, where Beckford agreed to provide quarterly payments to sponsor Muzio's musical education. Clementi was born in 1752 (two years after Bach’s death), and lived until 1832 to the respectable age of 80. Some of the earlier and easier ones were reissued as sonatinas after the success of his Sonatinas op. Apart from that, he has not a kreuzer’s worth of taste or feeling - in short he is a mere mechanicus" (Latin for automaton or robot). When he was fourteen years of age, a visiting Englishman returning from his ‘grand tour’, Sir Peter Beckford, cousin of the novelist William Beckford, took young Clementi with him back to his country estate in Dorset. Clementi was born in Rome on 24thJanuary 1752, the first of seven children, to Nicolò Clementi, a highly respected silversmith and Roman by heritage, and Magdalena Kaiser, who was Swiss. Clementi's impressions of Mozart, by contrast, were all rather enthusiastically positive. Muzio Clementi was an Italian born composer, pianist, conductor, music publisher, editor and piano manufacturer. Clementi started a European tour in 1781, when he travelled to France, Germany, and Austria. His companions and competitors are aware of his progress too. He was also the first virtuoso performer on the instrument. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. But the main theme of Clementi's B flat major sonata captured Mozart's imagination, and ten years later he used it in the overture to his opera Die Zauberflöte (The Magic Flute). Muzio Clementi. Encouraged to study music by his father, he was sponsored as a young composer by Sir Peter Beckford who took him to England to advance his studies. Muzio Clementi (* January 23, 1752 in Rome, † March 10, 1832 in Evesham, England) was an Italian composer, pianist and music educator, and also a conductor, piano makers and music publishers. Muzio Clementi. In addition to the piano solo repertoire, Clementi wrote a great deal of other music, including several recently pieced together, long worked on but slightly unfinished symphonies that are gradually becoming accepted by the musical establishment as being very fine works. Born in Italy. Classical Period. In 1810, Clementi ceased his concerts to devote all of his time to composition and piano making. 36, and continue to be popular practice pieces in piano education. He was born four years before Mozart and died five years after Beethoven. January 24, 1752 - March 10, 1832. Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. He was born in Rome, Italy. On 24th January 1813, in London, Clementi, who with a group of professional musicians, banded together to put matters right, founded the Philharmonic Society of London, which became the Royal Philharmonic Society in 1912. Composers. The restoration of Clementi's image as an artist to be taken seriously is not least due to his efforts. Composer. 10 March 1832 (aged 80) Muzio Clementi (1752–1832) was a classical composer, and acknowledged as the first to write specifically for the piano. All user-contributed text on this page is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. Muzio Clementi. As a composer, performer, and maker of pianos, he is known as the "father of the pianoforte. Muzio Filippo Vincenzo Francesco Saverio Clementi was an Italian-born English composer, pianist, pedagogue, conductor, music publisher, editor, and piano manufacturer. First of all – basic details. Aquarius. BORN AT ROME 1752. His musical talent became clear at an early age: by the age of seven he was in musical instruction, and was such a good student that by the time he was nine he had gained a position as a church organist. Clementi was born in Rome on 24thJanuary 1752, the first of seven children, to Nicolò Clementi, a … read more Muzio Clementi began his music studies as a boy. Encouraged to study music by his father, he was sponsored as a young composer by Sir Peter Beckford who took him to England to advance his studies. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Help support true facts by becoming a member. Joseph Haydn. Learn about Muzio Clementi: his birthday, what he did before fame, his family life, fun trivia facts, popularity rankings, and more. He was also a clever busines-sman and engaged himself in music trade and Horowitz even compared some of them to the best works of Beethoven. It was quickly discovered that he had a great talent at both the organ and harpsichord. Let us know what you think of the Last.fm website. Connect your Spotify account to your Last.fm account and scrobble everything you listen to, from any Spotify app on any device or platform. Some of Clementi's sonatas are more difficult to play than those of Mozart, who wrote in a letter to his sister that he would prefer her not to play Clementi's sonatas due to their jumped runs, and wide stretches and chords, that he thought might induce injury. While Clementi's music is hardly ever played in concerts, it is becoming increasingly popular in recordings. In 1770, Clementi made his first public performance as a pianist. A new version of Last.fm is available, to keep everything running smoothly, please reload the site. His popularity grew in 1779 and 1780, due at least in part to the popularity of his newly-published Opus 2 Sonatas. Each performer was called upon to improvise and perform selections from his own compositions. Similarly his sonatinas would remain a must for piano students everywhere. His father soon recognized his musical talent and arranged for private musical instruction with a relative, Antonio Baroni, the maestro di cappella at St. Peter's Basilica. Born: 24-Jan-1752 Birthplace: Rome, Italy Died: 10-Mar-1832 Location of death: Evesham, Worcestershire, England Cause of death: unspecified Remains: Buried, Westminster Abbey, London, England. Muzio Clementi was an Italian composer who lived from 1752 to 1832. Muzio Filippo Vincenzo Francesco Saverio Clementi (baptized Mutius Philippus Vincentius Franciscus Xaverius), was born in Rome, [Italy] on January 24, 1752, and the following day baptized in the local church of S. Lorenzo in Damaso. Muzio Clementi was an Italian composer who lived from 1752 to 1832. Share. That Beethoven in his later life started to compose (mostly chamber music) specifically for the British market might have been related to the fact that his publisher was based there. Clementi was born in Rome on 24thJanuary 1752, the first of seven children, to Nicolò Clementi, a highly respected silversmith and Roman by heritage, and Magdalena Kaiser, who was Swiss. Muzio Clementi is similar to these topics: List of classical pianists, List of piano composers, Life of Franz Liszt and more. Muzio Clementi (24 January 1752, Rome - 10 March 1832, Evesham) Muzio Clementi was an Italian-born English composer, pianist, pedagogue, conductor, music publisher, editor, and piano manufacturer that lived in the Classical era. Born shortly after Handel wrote his oratorio Jephtha and dead shortly after Berlioz wrote his Symphonie fantastique, Muzio Clementi failed to write anything equal to the originality of those two composers -- or, certainly, equal to the best of his closer contemporaries, Mozart and Haydn. HIS FAME AS A MUSICIAN AND COMPOSER ACKNOWLEDGED THROUGHOUT EUROPE PROCURED HIM THE HONOUR OF A PUBLIC INTERMENT IN THIS CLOISTER. Muzio Clementi (1752–1832) was a classical composer, and acknowledged as the first to write specifically for the piano. 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